Location: 130 53' N, 600 68' W
Area: 176 km2
Full country name: Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
The island of St. Kitts is located in the northern region of the Lesser Antilles. It is 176 km2 in size and has a population of 36,000. The main part of the island has a mountain range that runs northwest through the centre of the island. The higher mountain slopes are densely vegetated by rainforest. The foothills gently slope from the base of the mountain range to the coast and are largely covered by sugar cane. Mt. Liamuiga is the northwestern-most mountain and is the highest peak on the island at 1155 m (3792 ft). In contrast, the topography and vegetation of the Southern Peninsula is dramatically different. It consists of numerous low, rounded hills that reach a maximum height of 319 m (1047 ft), but are generally much lower and are separated by flat, low-lying areas and salt ponds. Vegetation is sparse with dryland grasses, low shrubs, cacti and yucca. The sharp contrast in both the topography and the vegetation from the north of the island is in part due to the older age of the rocks and the lower annual rainfall in the south. The capital of St. Kitts is Basseterre, located 12 km southeast of the summit of Mt. Liamuiga.
St. Kitts has a population of 36,000 with a large number living in the capital city, Basseterre. The language spoken is English. The population is predominantely of African descent with some British, Portuguese and Lebanese.
Mr Carl Herbert
National Disaster Coordinator
The National Emergency Management Agency of St. Kitts & Nevis
P.O. Box 186